Endometriosis is a condition where cells of the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) are found in places outside the uterine cavity. The uterus is made of three layers and the innermost layer that lines the cavity is called the endometrium. In some women the cells of the endometrium may be found in the pelvis and around the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Endometriosis can happen to any women in the reproductive years i.e. 15 to 45 years of age.
Women who have endometriosis may complain of pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic region, pain during or after sex (dyspareunia), painful and/or heavy periods (dysmenorrhoea) and, sometimes difficulty in getting pregnant (infertility). These symptoms may affect the quality of her life significantly. The pain during sex/periods and the chronic pain may be very distressing. It is also possible that the woman has endometriosis but may have no symptoms at all.